The project links nine archives of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft and their portrait collections (ca 33.000 items) in a cross-sectoral joint venture. Under the auspice of an innovative approach the collections will be made available for research and to the public. The endeavours will strengthen the visibility of the archives of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft and the branding of the WGL in the public perception. The focus on portraits of personnel of science and technology from the 19th and 20th century extends in singular manner the resources of electronic research on the field of biography. The documentation of provenance and the description of the associated collection provide access to rich primary source material which is being recorded for the first time. The intended implementation of standardised indexing enables the linkage to national portals.
The project network systematically analyzes visual memory. It concentrates both on the study of images and on those institutions that produce, distribute, buy, sell, collect, file, and censor images and thus make a major contribution to the formation of visual memory. Along with four case studies, the network is developing the website www.visual-history.de, which will provide encyclopedic entries on institutions like picture agencies and archives, different visual genres (like film, photography, caricature, or poster), particular historical figures as well as methodological and legal guidelines for handling images and information about projects and conferences in the field of visual history.
Formal state institutions are important for the regulation of conflict potentials, particularly in ethnically or otherwise divided societies. The debate on institutional engineering has investigated various institutional options (e.g. state structure, electoral system, security sector) designed to reduce these conflict potentials. However, empirical evidence remains inconclusive and the debate has suffered from a lack of integrative research. This project seeks to overcome these shortcomings by establishing close cooperation among internationally renowned experts including four thematic conferences, high-standard publications, an exchange and encounter programme, a database on “institutions for peace” in divided societies, and the generation of future research projects.
Ifo seeks to establish a new Center of Excellence for Migration and Integration Research (CEMIR). It will combine expertise from different institutions, different countries, and hitherto often separated fields in economics. It will be set up as the node of a lasting network with the goal of providing public goods to the research and policy communities in the form of analysis, data, policy briefs, workshops, conferences, the education of young academics and a new integrated assessment model. It aims at achieving a lasting impact on the German and European policy debates on migration.
The project involves the analysis of the evolution of world order, its underlying normative differences and conflicts as well as the question of the legitimacy of international authority. The aim is to link together the participating Leibniz Institutes (besides the WZB, the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA) in Hamburg, and the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF) in Frankfurt am Main) using a common analytical framework that integrates the concepts of "rising powers", "opposition, dissidence and justice" and "politicization" which have been separately analysed in the three institutes. In this way it should be possible to study the emergence and forms of political authority beyond the nation state, its politicization on the part of the "rising powers" and non-state actors, as well as associated implications for peacefulness of world order.
It is the overriding objective of the network to provide a fundamental contribution to an integrated theory and empirics of European tax harmonization. It has taken account of the changes in the tax policy environment which are driven by the new European crisis mechanisms, the non-sustainable debt situation and the Lisbon Treaty. Through this project, the partners intend to establish a permanent research network on issues of European tax policy and fiscal constitution with a visibility on an EU level.
The International Leibniz Research Cluster „ImmunoMemory" aims at investigating the organization of protective and pathogenic immunological memory on the molecular and cellular level. The 8 national and international partners will concentrate on various aspects of immunological memory and synergize in creating concerted actions to understand these. SAW support is critically required for the organization of the network and to strengthen expertise of the Leibniz institute DRFZ in the field of mesenchymal stroma cell biology.
With SAW support,
Evolutionäre Mechanismen, die zur Aufspaltung einer Art in zwei reproduktiv isolierte Arten und damit zur Entstehung biologischer Artenvielfalt führen, gehören zu den grundlegendsten und auch aktuellsten Themen der Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung. Obwohl die ökologischen Mechanismen und biogeographischen Muster der Artbildung bereits gut untersucht sind, wissen wir nur wenig über die genetischen Grundlagen von ökologischer Anpassung und Artbildung. Mit Hilfe neuer DNA-Sequenziertechniken wollen wir die Genome dreier evolutionär erfolgreicher Tiergruppen systematisch nach den für Artbildung funktionell wichtigen Genen durchsuchen und deren Funktionen charakterisieren. Dazu wird ein Netzwerk aus Molekulargenetikern, Neuroethologen, Bioinformatikern und Evolutionsbiologen aufgebaut.
Research activities on the use of charred biomass material (biochar) in agriculture are to be coordinated to provide a better understanding of economic and environmental potentials of biochar in Germany and Malaysia. One special focus is on the GHG mitigation potential of biochar use and its economic cost. The holistic challenge will be analyzed in a consortium led by the Leibniz-Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim e.V. (ATB) in cooperation with the Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, the German Institute for Economic Research, Technical University of Berlin, Humboldt-University Berlin and the University of Putra Malaysia.
LandScales integrates the aquatic and terrestrial perspectives of landscape carbon dynamics within a multidisciplinary collaborative research environment, by characterising structures, processes, and fluxes across scales. The goal is to characterise carbon sequestration and release in a moraine landscape representative of landscapes of glacial origin. A major point is the scaling of carbon fluxes and underlying mechanisms from the plot to the landscape level by accounting for spatio-temporal heterogeneity of structures and functions, and to address the uncertainties of scaling approaches. These objectives are vital for optimising the C sequestration at the landscape scale and for sustaining an important ecosystem service.