Division Leibniz Competition
Leibniz Association
Chausseestraße 111
10115 Berlin
Tel.: +49 30 / 20 60 49 - 33 or -32

Funding Line 2: National and international networking

“Righteousness and peace kiss each other” – Representations of Peace in Early Modern Europe

Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG), Mainz

Between 1500 and 1800, more than 2000 international or domestic peace treaties were concluded in Early Modern Europe, tentatively ending countless wars during these centuries. “Images of Peace” were used to promote, explain, and transmit the message of restored Peace: representations of Peace in paintings, sculpture and graphics as well as oral and literary forms or music like operas or cantatas. This international and interdisciplinary research project focuses on these multimedia representations under transnational and comparative perspectives. It brings together research institutes and libraries in Poland, Italy, and Germany and aims to analyze a comprehensive sample of all kinds of artwork, texts and music, collected in an internet-based work environment using a “semantic web” approach. Special emphasis lies on the pragmatic, moral and educational use of these representations as “instruments of Peace.

Period: 1. July 2015 – 31. December 2018

Project website

Acquisition and Utilisation of Adult Skills – A Network for Analysing, Developing and Disseminating PIAAC

GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Mannheim

PIAAC 2012 provides up-to-date information on key adult skills in 24 countries. The data will be used to carry out further research on the acquisition and utilisation of skills. To achieve this goal, we intend to build an interdisciplinary network of researchers that are experienced with research in PIAAC. This network will evaluate existing measures in PIAAC and compare them to other measures of skills and intelligence. In addition, alternative measures will be developed and subsequently tested using data from the German longitudinal PIAAC survey. Furthermore, the acquisition and utilisation of adult skills will be analysed in more detail by linking PIAAC to administrative data. In addition, the data and findings from this project will be disseminated to the scientific community through methodological workshops and a PIAAC research conference.

Period: 1. February 2015 – 31. December 2018

Project Website

German Research Network: External Democracy Promotion (EDP)

Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), Frankfurt am Main

The EDP network focuses on a crucial but neglected issue in international democracy promotion: the interaction between external and local actors that is implied by any attempt of shaping the evolution of domestic political orders from the outside. Existing research largely analyses democracy promotion as a one-way-street relationship in which external actors do something that, then, has effects on ‘recipient’ countries. The network, in contrast, is interested in studying what precisely happens when democracy promoters engage with counterparts – governments, political parties, civil-society groups, etc. – that themselves have meaningful agency. The EDP network is a collaborative project of six partner institutions: the two Leibniz Institutes Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF) and the Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB), the German Development Institute (DIE), as well as three universities (Erfurt, Konstanz, Lüneburg). Coordination of the network is based at PRIF.

Period: 1. May 2015 – 30. April 2019

Project Website

Single-Family-Homes under pressure?

Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development (IOER), Dresden

In many countries, single-family homes (SFH) constitute the majority of residential buildings. In Germany, they make up 66 per cent of the residential building stock; in 2011, more than 50 per cent of the population in Europe lived in SFH. “Detached houses” constitute about 60 per cent of the housing units in Japan as well as in the USA. However, increasing indications can be found, that this segment of the housing stock is under pressure. Economic and financial crises, demographic change, and changes in user preferences are raising new challenges to it. Outside regions of economic growth, stagnating or dropping prices, difficulties in selling, and even vacancies, can already be found. The project seeks to scrutinise these developments and to discuss needs and options for action in terms of economic implications, resource use and settlement development. The investigations on the situation in Germany will be supplemented by studies inside Europe, as well as on the situation in Japan and the United States.

Period: 1. January 2015 – 31. December 2017

Final report (in German only) (PDF)

St. John´s wort against Alzheimer´s Disease – Meeting of a social challenge by new methods for identification, production and application of natural products

Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB), Halle

Alzheimer´s Disease is among the most prevailing and costly neurodegenerative diseases in developed countries. Selected extracts of St. John´s wort positively influence the disease. The effect is attributed to the interaction with special ABC transporters, and appears to be independent from the antidepressant component hyperforin. The aim of the interdisciplinary network is to identify the relevant metabolites by new metabolomics and correlation methods, to investigate their formation in the plant with respect to the physiological, biochemical and genetic background, and to use the acquired knowledge to breed better cultivars and prepare more efficient, defined extracts, which will allow the reliable application in patients.

Period: 1. May 2015 – 30. April 2019

Project Website

The infancy of normal galaxies revealed with MUSE

Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP)

We have established an international research network to investigate the early stages in the evolution of galaxies. The key innovation in this endeavour is the revolutionary MUSE (`Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer') instrument recently installed at the ESO Very Large Telescope in Chile. MUSE was developed by a consortium of six European research institutes including the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP); in return, the consortium receives a substantial amount of `Guaranteed Time Observations'. The new network is constituted by these six institutions. Its prime purpose is the joint scientific exploitation of the MUSE observations, with the focus on the detection and characterisation of low-mass galaxies in the young universe, and the interpretation of the observational results in the context of theoretical models of galaxy formation.

Period: 1 July 2015 – 30 June 2019


Ex vivo cultivation of bipolar epitheli-al/endothelial cell layers as a first step towards an organ like alveolar barrier

DWI – Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials, Aachen

The project aims towards mimicking the alveolar barrier by seeding endothelial and epithelial cells onto the different sides of the nanofiber membrane mounted in a microfluidic device, resulting into an organ-like membrane module. The endothelial layer will be in direct contact with the blood pumped through the device, simulating the hemo-dynamics of lung microvasculature. This ex vivo reconstitution of alveolar barriers will establish a model for mechanistic in vitro studies on the action of drugs, lung surfactants, environmental pollutants, and will open a route for novel disease models. The device has the potential to encounter challenges caused due to the high use of anti-thrombotic agents, non-biocompatibility, hemolysis and inflammatory stress experienced by the blood cells in present day heparin-coated extracorporal membrane oxygenators. In a long term perspective, the concept might form the basis for an implantable organ level lung module.

Period: 1. March 2015 – 28. February  2018
Final report (PDF)

Scalable Author Disambiguation for Bibliographic Databases

Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz Center for Informatics (LZI)

Undoubtedly, the unambiguous attribution of scholarly material to their authors ranks among the most critical challenges for digital libraries. The main objective of this project is to significantly improve author disambiguation within two of the most comprehensive scholarly literature databases: the dblp computer science bibliography, maintained by Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz Center for Informatics, and the online service of Zentralblatt MATH (zbMATH), maintained by FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure. The corporation with the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), one of the leading institutions in the field of named entity recognition, will help to bridge the gap between the latest results in natural language processing (NLP) research and their concrete application in digital libraries.

Period: 1. July 2015 – 31. December 2018

Project Website