The project is devoted to the scholarly cataloguing of the internationally renowned collection of late medieval paintings in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg. The works of the thirteenth through the fifteenth century will be examined with art historical and technical methods to document the extant holdings and to gain new insights into questions of provenance, function, meaning, production process, painting technique, workshop practice, attribution, and dating. The project will make a major contribution to the study of German painting before 1500 and will form a new basis for future research. The results will be made available in a two-volume collection catalogue, complemented by an innovative online publication. The multi-person project team is led by Dr. Dagmar Hirschfelder.
Period: 1. April 2013 – 31. March 2017
Final report (in German only) (PDF)
In group situations it is important to have knowledge about the collaborating partners‘ knowledge. However, its acquisition is difficult, especially in virtual groups. The approach for fostering knowledge and information awareness developed by Engelmann improves collaboration and group performance and helps to overcome collaboration barriers. The project addresses the following outstanding questions: In research line 1 the theoretical differentiation of the Knowledge and Information Awareness concept from related concepts is to be validated empirically. Research line 2 focuses on the presentation and the acquisition of knowledge and information awareness content. Research line 3 expands the approach to additional cognitive contents.
The religious, political and economical significance of pilgrimage centres in the Middle Ages was outstanding. The sacred travel to a holy place was a mass phenomenon. Pilgrimage enabled people to meet transcendency and provided spiritual contemplation and supernatural power in the struggle for life. The main destinations were the Holy Land and those places where holy persons and relics had been venerated. The sacral topography of the Byzantine Empire permanently changed and was subject to different influences. What kind of transformation of sacral landscapes, e.g. the streams of pilgrims, can be proved? Which impact on pilgrimage did political, economical and ecological aspects have? These questions will be examined by means of specific historical and cultural case studies with the main focus on the archaeological evidence.
Municipal infrastructure companies are facing major challenges. On the one hand, these companies are operating under an increased pressure to reduce costs with intensive competitive and regulatory pressures. On the other hand, they face new energy and climate policy objectives and have to fulfill new requirements because of the demographic change. Recent privatisations have not always realised the expected cost saving. New approaches and solutions are needed. However, there is a lack of theory-based empirical analysis assessing the effects of different company organisations on efficiency, cost reduction potentials, or consumer prices. Creating a unique firm level panel data set of energy, water and waste management companies allows for a comprehensive analysis for Germany. An innovative and multidimensional framework, which explicitly models the particular decision making behaviour of municipal infrastructure companies, examines modernisation and restructuring processes under new climate policy and demographic requirements.
Period: 1. July 2013 – 31. December 2016
Final report (German only) (PDF)
The individual’s educational attainment is a core social background variable in standardised surveys. It is usually measured by the highest educational qualification the individual has obtained. However, increasing differentiation of educational systems and migration related to education and work complicate the measurement of educational attainment in surveys considerably. The aim of the project is to develop a tool for measuring educational qualifications that (1) accesses an international database of educational qualifications, (2) provides optimised questionnaire instruments and (3) allows computer-assisted surveys to use the instrument and database. This will significantly improve surveying process and data quality.
Cell motility is crucial for organismic development as well as for the function of the immune system, and its dysregulation is implicated in diseases ranging from cancer to immunodeficiency. Dynamic remodeling of the cytoskeleton and the focal adhesions which anchor the cell to the substratum is a prerequisite for cell motility. Work from our laboratory has identified the adaptors Gadkin, a component of perinuclear endosomal vesicles, and Stonin 1, an endocytic protein, as regulators of actin-based cell motility and focal adhesion turnover. We aim now at unraveling the physiological function and molecular mode of action of Gadkin and Stonin 1 in cell motility including the immune system in vivo.
The political dialogue on climate stabilization targets demands robust calculations of climate change impacts at different levels of global mean temperature (GMT). The new research group will meet this demand by developing an efficient, probabilistic Emulator of climate EXtremes and their imPACTs (EXPACT), providing unprecedented, spatially correlated projections of the repercussions of different GMT changes. Focusing on the agricultural sector, the potential for simultaneous crop yield losses, and the risk of non-linear responses propagating throughout the world economic system will be quantified. The design of the emulator will in particular allow accounting for different adaptation strategies.
Period: 1. July 2013 - 30. June 2017
Final report (PDF)