This research project combines methods from musicology and organology with the broader approach of material culture studies. The acoustic dimensions of the material in particular open up a variety of questions for examination; the materials used also place certain demands on instrument builders and musicians. Our group will investigate the role played by materials in the invention of musical instruments and the sensory perceptions these instruments invoked. Musical instruments will be examined in the context of aesthetic and scientific developments from the latter part of the 18th century.
We will develop organology as cultural history—a methodology combining aesthetics and history of science. Our aim is for a consolidation of organology within musicology, in cooperation with neighbouring disciplines such history of acoustics. The artefact-based research profile of the Deutsches Museum is an ideal starting point for further collaboration with similar collections.
Period: 1. May 2016 – 30. April 2019
Regulation of vesicular ion homeostasis by ion transport proteins is of outstanding significance for basic cellular and organismal functions. Transporter dysfunction leads to a broad variety of diseases. We hypothesize that vesicular NHEs (cation/H+ exchangers) have a direct and essential role in endosomal/lysosomal pH regulation and accumulate luminal cations by the exchange for H+. We will test for this by combining studies on genetic mouse models with cell culture systems using state-of-the-art techniques. The broad aim of this proposal is to better understand the physiological function and molecular role of vesicular NHEs in vesicle function in health and disease.
Globalization advances and countries are increasingly interconnected via trade and global value chains. The World Trade Organization could not yet adapt its rules to 21st century trade and consequently many countries negotiate deep regional free trade agreements like the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). These developments give rise to important questions of international cooperation. What are the welfare effects of free trade agreements like TTIP? Is a bilateral investment treaty with the US favorable for the EU? Can regional climate policy be successfully implemented when trade costs are falling and investors are mobile? To address these questions, the ifo Institute establishes the research group QUANTAGG. It aims to analyze the consequences of different international trade, investment and climate policies with the help of quantitative models and empirical datasets.
Period: 1. January 2016 – 31. December 2020
1989/90 is often considered a key caesura of the 20th century. By looking at the long-term developments surrounding this historic event from the mid-1970s to the beginning of the new millennium, this project analyses the social changes that paved the way for and shaped all three stages: the late phase of the GDR, the peaceful revolution, and the transformation that followed. Dynamics and tensions of the East German lifeworld throughout the regime change will be examined in four case studies focused on housing, local political culture, education and consumership. All four studies combine archival sources with oral history and the re-analysis of social science data. The results will be placed in the context of other late or post-communist countries as well as of other societies in transformation.
Period: 1. April 2016 – 31. March 2020