The German Institute for International Educational Research (DIPF) will chair a group of national and international experts who will work on central theoretical and methodological challenges in empirical instructional research. Video recordings in 85 lower secondary school classes will provide the data source for this project, focusing on a fixed lesson unit in mathematics education. The video recordings will be linked to achievement tests, student and teacher questionnaires as well as artefacts. By also taking part in the international TALIS Video Study ("Teaching and Learning International Survey"), it will be possible to investigate commonalities and differences across Germany and other countries (e.g., Japan, China, England, and Spain). A comparison with the TIMSS Video Study ("Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study") from 1995 will moreover allow a historical perspective on changes in instructional practice.
Duration: 1 April 2017 - 31 March 2020
The increasing spread of antibiotic resistances is a major threat to public health. Drug-resistant pathogens are highly prevalent in feces derived from livestock fattening farms. Fertilization of agricultural land with manure may lead to environmental pollution with resistant bacteria. Yet it is not known, to which extent manure application, agricultural processing, as well as erosion play a role in the dissemination of bacteria.
In SOARiAL we investigate and quantify dust-associated emissions of antibiotic-resistant, pathogenic bacteria from fertilized agricultural fields. We will elucidate the dependence of emissions on soil properties and agricultural management. Our data will allow modelling of bacterial emission fluxes and dispersal and assessing the risk of wind-borne transmission.
The project is a collaborative effort of scientists from four Leibniz-Institutes (ATB, ZALF, TROPOS and DSMZ) and the FU Berlin.
Period: 1. February 2017 - 31. January 2020
Modern agriculture is increasingly characterized by the development of large industrialized production forms. Large scale agricultural enterprises can be found in different parts of the world, not only in the countries such as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Russia, South Africa or Ukraine but also in East Germany, Poland and Romania. These developments entail a number of political and societal challenges, in particular with regard to their effects on land markets, competition, human capital, economic viability of large scale agricultural enterprises or sustainability of rural areas.
Until now the discussion about these broadly outlined challenges has been little systemized at the international level, reflecting a low density of ties between the researchers that work in this thematic field. Therefore, the current project aims to establish an "International Competence Center on Large Scale Agriculture" (LaScalA) that will bring together the network of researchers, systemize empirical and theoretical knowledge and serve as a forum for scientific exchange in the field of large scale agriculture.
Period: 1. June 2017 - 31. May 2020
"Sustainability" has become a central concept of the national and international environment and development discourse. However, we still lack a contemporary history of the concept and its discursive functions. The networking project organized by the Institute for Contemporary History Munich-Berlin will analyse discourses of sustainability and corresponding practices that have emerged since the 1970s. One postdoctoral project and five PhD projects will examine German, European and global politics, multinational business firms and local environmental movements. They will explore the different shades of meaning and conflicting priorities that comprise sustainable development and sustainability, thus shedding light on patterns of order and specific interests shaping these discourses and practices in politics, society, the economy and science.
Period: 1.April 2017 - 31. August 2021
In order to decipher the environmental conditions in the past by means of sediment archives, so called proxies are a valuable tool. They stand for very specific conditions (i.e. temperature, salinity, precipitation). Such proxies are the remains from organisms, sediment structures or characteristic geochemical attributes of the sediment. Together with a precise age determination this leads to information on the development of the environmental status in the course of time. The BaltRap network combines Holocene proxy studies on brackish-marine Baltic Sea sediments with environmental reconstructions from limnic-terrestrial areas in Northern Germany and Poland. The aim is to understand how strongly, rapidly or even differentiatedly adjacent sea, lake, coastal or hinterland systems react on supraregional gradual changes, major climate shifts and short-term oscillations during the past millennia.
Period: February 1, 2017 - January 31, 2020
Modern lifestyle has led to growing numbers of people with metabolic syndrome (MetS), showing symptoms such as obesity, insulin resistance, high glucose levels, and hypertension. Moreover, MetS is not only highly correlated with diabetes, but is also associated with a tenfold higher risk to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies suggest that the cognitive decline induced by MetS is caused by the impairment of insulin signaling resulting in an elevated level of amyloid-β (Aβ) as a causative agent of AD.
In the scope of this project, ISAS and LIN (Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology) aim to link aberrant lipid composition to insulin resistance and cognitive decline in AD. A major problem is the missing knowledge about the lipid composition of synaptic membrane sub-compartments, so the project partners plan to conduct extensive quantitative lipidomics studies to validate this context and thus to introduce synaptoneurolipidomics to the field of synapse biology.
Period: 1 January 2017 - 31 December 2019
This application brings together leading labs in Germany and South Korea to foster research on molecular causes and drug targets for neuropsychiatric disorders related to synaptic molecules of the Shank protein family. The central aim of the project is to gain molecular understanding of synaptic processes that are altered in the brain in Shank-related Autism-Spectrum disorders and to translate this knowledge into potential novel treatment options for patients. The network initiative has access to the 1st German outpatient clinic for Shankopathies in Ulm and fits well with the internationalization strategy of the WGL with South Korea as an important partner.
Period: 1. January 2017 - 31. December 2019