European regulators and policy makers face the challenge of promoting resilient financial structures that support macroeconomic stability. After initiating the Banking Union, interest now turns to deepening and better integrating capital markets. Since debt-type financing plays a much larger role for European financial markets than equity, even when compared to other economies, the key question addressed here is how the debt-equity mix affects macroeconomic stability. Thus, the project aims at an integrated economic analysis of European capital market structures, barriers to capital market integration, and potentials for more market-based risk sharing. To identify critical ingredients for a successful Capital Markets Union, a comprehensive micro-macro panel dataset will be gathered and innovative estimation techniques will be applied.
Period: 15. June 2017 - 31. December 2020
While discussions about migration tend to focus on immigration, they often overlook countries' policies with regard to their emigrants, or see them as disconnected. Yet states regulate the entry and exit of persons, as well as the chances of both immigrants and emigrants to become or remain part of the political community through access to citizenship (for the former) or the retention of citizenship (for the latter). The project tackles these policies towards emigrants and immigrants by asking the following questions: Which overarching principles are observable in them? Is there coherence in the area of migration policy? We will generate a dataset that allows the academic and policy communities to understand the interconnections between migration policies towards immigrants and emigrants in countries from three different world regions: America, Asia and Europe. We will also analyze how these interconnections came about. The knowledge generated will provide policy-relevant insights for better understanding how integration paths are opened or closed by certain policies.
Period: 1. May 2017 - 30. April 2020
Are individual biases - such as the tendency to present the own group in a more favorable way - mirrored in collaborative web contents (e.g., Wikipedia articles)? If this was the case, biases could shape the view of a broad audience since Wikipedia is one of the most frequently retrieved pages of the web. However, prior research on biases cannot answer this question because it does not take factors and processes into account that are relevant in the context of collaborative production of web contents. I introduce and systematically investigate the impact of the following three aspects on the resultant bias in collaboratively produced web contents: the norms an online platform for collaboration operates on (e.g., verifiability), the pervasiveness of the bias, and audience tuning (i.e., the tailoring of one's communication to the expected attitude of the audience). The project comprises highly ecological field studies and internally valid lab experiments.
Period: 1. April 2017 - 31. March 2020
Under the leadership of Dr. Daniela Rupp, a junior research group at the Max-Born-Institute (MBI) will be established. We will develop and exploit single-shot coherent diffractive imaging (CDI) of individual nanoparticles with a table-top extreme ultraviolet (XUV) light source based on high-order harmonic generation (HHG). Building on the success of a recent proof-of-principle experiment, we will utilize CDI from single clusters and nano-droplets to resolve collective electron motion in time and space, ultimately with attosecond resolution — a vision that has been driving attosecond science from its beginning.
Period: 13. June 2017 - 12. June 2021
Tipping elements are components of the Earth system that could be pushed into qualitatively different states by small external perturbations, with profound environmental impacts possibly endangering the livelihoods of millions of people. There are indications for significant interlinkages between climate tipping elements and even the potential for tipping cascades or domino effects from the climate to the social sphere. We will assess these effects for a highly relevant tipping chain connecting climatic tipping elements like Antarctica and Greenland with potential social tipping processes in public opinion formation and climate policy changes, and their societal implications.
Kern des Projektes ist die Verknüpfung von evolutiv bedeutenden Merkmalen, deren äußerem Erscheinungsbild und dem dazugehörigen genetischen Hintergrund. Die Forschergruppe untersucht eine einzigartige Fortpflanzungsstrategie, die bei einigen Arten von Reisfischen der Gattung Oryzias (Actinopterygii: Adrianichthyidae) von der südost-asiatischen Insel Sulawesi (Indonesien) zu finden ist, das sogenannte Bauchflossenbrüten. Hierbei tragen die Weibchen die Eier mit speziellen morphologischen Strukturen bis zum Schlupf eng am Körper. In unserem Projekt untersuchen wir die morphologischen, genomischen und ökologischen Voraussetzungen für das Bauchflossenbrüten in einem vergleichenden Ansatz. Dies geschieht unter Zuhilfenahme von Genomsequenzen, Zuchtlinien, Felduntersuchungen und Museumsmaterial.
Period: 15. June 2017 - 14. June 2021