The sustainable use of natural resources in the habitats of the earth is one of the biggest challenges of our time. Once a species has become extinct it is gone forever. The scientific work at the Research Museum Alexander Koenig serves the conservation of biodiversity. However, time is pressing because so far only a fraction of all existing species is known. With the Centre of Molecular Biodiversity Research employing modern genetic methods,the Museum Koenig takes an innovative approach to promoting fast and efficient identification and discovery of new species.